Description: : : In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon. The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has enabled the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA. Located in central Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria. Cameroon contains a diverse landscape, with coastal plains in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north.